Does Your Child Have Age Appropriate Motor Skills? Here's How You Can Find Out
Isn’t every new thing your toddler does a sight to behold? How nice to see them learn new things every day! From them eating on his/ her own, brushing by self to speaking complete sentences – aren’t all these experiences just amazing. But how would you know if your child is learning everything he/she should be? It can be difficult to know whether what you see your pre-schooler do, is actually keeping pace with the developing physical abilities for his/ her age. This is where developmental milestones come in. So, let’s see how you can tell if your child has proper motor skills for his/her age.1
Before we start, let’s understand what Motor skills are. In simple terms, it refers to your child’s ability to control his/her voluntary muscles and use them to perform various physical activities. And here is how it should develop2:
By Age 2
By Age 2 - Gross Motor Skills
Your child at this stage should be able to walk and run. He/she might even start learning to jump with both feet. Kids also start to stand on tiptoes and balance on one foot. You could also find them climbing furniture and stairs, holding the railing.
By Age 2 - Fine Motor Skills
Kids start brushing teeth on their own at the age of 2. While playing they can also build block tower of 4 to 5 blocks. Pulling pants up or down, zipping, turning on taps and washing hands is also normal at this age. One important development comes when they start using fingers to hold utensils and crayons instead of a fist.
By Age 3
By Age 3 - Gross Motor Skills
Your child might start walking and running without tripping over their own feet now. Jumping, hopping and standing on one foot could also be normal sight. Now kids are able to walk backwards, climb stairs one foot after the other, kick, throw and catch ball, and start to pedal a tricycle.
By Age 3 - Fine Motor Skills
Now your child can draw circles with crayons and play with toys having moving parts and buttons. He/she can also turn the page of a book and doorknobs.
By Age 4
By Age 4 - Gross Motor Skills
You’ll notice that your child can now start, stop, turn and go around obstacles while running. You won’t have to do much to dress him/her up since he/she can do a lot of it on own. Kids at 4 can also jump over objects and climb on jungle gyms. Your kid might also successfully pedal as well as steer the tricycle now.
By Age 4 - Fine Motor Skills
Moving on from circles, now your child can draw and copy basic shapes. He/she can also use tools like scissors purposefully. While playing now he/she can stack towers of as many as 10 blocks and even pinch and shape clay into recognizable objects.
By Age 5
By Age 5 - Gross Motor Skills
Your kid can now walk heel-to-toe without losing balance, run on toes, get up without using hands and even jump down several steps. He/she can hop proficiently too now. If started early, kids at this age can also ride bicycle.
By Age 5 - Fine Motor Skills
Your kid becomes more independent as he/she can tie shoe laces without help. He/she can also draw a human with around 6 parts. You can also find your child eating with a fork, folding paper diagonally or threading small beads on a string.
By Age 6
By Age 6 - Gross Motor Skills
Your kids can now throw and catch a ball without fail most of the time. He/she can also move to the beats of music, skip, gallop, and dance. If started early, kids also start to practice swimming.
By Age 6 - Fine Motor Skills
Now you can completely leave dressing up to them since they can now zip, button and lace clothes themselves. Your kid can also cut soft food with knife, sweep, dust and make bed on his/her own.
Remember, these are abilities that an average pre-schooler acquires, and you might not find your child doing these things at the exact age. There are often delays and its quite normal, but as a parent you can aid your child’s growth by providing him/her with all the necessary nutrients. Nutritional drinks like Junior Horlicks#, along with a regular diet, helps your child in bridging the nutritional gaps. It contains DHA, Iron, Choline, Iodine which have been known to contribute to brain development. Moreover, it also contains 50% higher Protein*; and Calcium that help your child’s motor development.