The Larger Picture Of Nutrients
Nutrients in food can be divided into macronutrients and micronutrients.
Micronutrients support the proper functioning of the body’s vital organs, processes and systems. They are needed to ensure a healthy metabolism and in smaller quantities than macronutrients. Vitamins and minerals are micronutrients.
Role Of Micronutrients
Our bodies can derive energy from fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. However, micronutrients are essential because the body is unable to synthesize it, either completely or adequately. So, it needs to be drawn from a balanced diet.
Though required in small amounts, micronutrients produce the essential enzymes, hormones, and other substances essential for your child’s proper growth and development. Their role in the body’s function includes the following:
Riboflavin, niacin, and folic acid are required to play an active part in intermediary metabolism and ensure utilisation of the macronutrients to provide energy.
Vitamins (A and E) have antioxidant properties, i.e. they limit cellular damage to cells from metabolism.
Vitamin A is vital for physical growth and mental development.
Zinc and selenium act as “helper molecules” that assist in metabolism. In small amounts, they are either involved in controlling the enzyme activity or are an integral part of the enzyme.
Zinc, copper, manganese, and selenium act as antioxidants to contain metabolic damage to living cells in the body.
Iron and iodine are required for the integrity and optimal functioning of immune system, physical growth, and neuromotor development.
3. Micronutrients – Dynamites Come In Small Packages
As a responsible parent, you already know that proper nutrition promotes your child’s development and secures their health for life. Nutrient-poor foods don’t provide the sufficient nourishment. Instead, they lead to unhealthy weight gain and diseases.
A health food drink, such as Horlicks, provides school-going children with the essential micronutrients known to be important for growth and development.
Ensuring a diet of essential micronutrients during childhood lays the foundation for the child to subsequently be a healthy adult.