After Menopause

Menopause is a time when women experience lots of changes in their bodies, most of which lead to troublesome symptoms, such as vasomotor, sleep disturbances, fatigue, aches and pains, altered cognitive functions, genitourinary problems like vaginal dryness, irritation, recurrent urinary tract infections, and weakness of connective tissue supporting the pelvic viscera10.

Osteoporosis, one of the major post-menopausal problems, has a direct relation to menopause and lack of oestrogen11. After menopause, the rate of bone breakdown exceeds the rate of bone building, resulting in Osteoporosis11. As post-menopausal women tend to exercise less, they begin to put on weight. To further complicate matters, their metabolic rate also decreases, which occurs due to loss of muscle mass (about half-a-pound a year).

Muscles burn more calories than fat; so whenever muscles are not preserved with weight training exercises, the body simply does not burn as many calories. It is also likely to enhance calorie deposition and weight gain, which increases the risk of fractures10.

Despite all the physiological changes, menopause should not be viewed as a sign of impending decline, but rather a wonderful beginning of a good health programme, including lifestyle changes in diet, exercises including yoga and limiting smoking as well as alcohol.