What Is Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis, meaning “porous bones,” is a medical condition associated with the weakening of bones. It is caused when the rate of bone breakdown exceeds the rate of bone building, resulting in a decrease in bone density. This typically occurs as people age.

Though adequate calcium intake and replenishment of bone stores during childhood and adolescence (when bone is rapidly deposited) may provide reserves for the future, it will not prevent bone loss later in life. In addition to aging, many other reasons contribute to bone loss, including heredity, physical inactivity, and lower levels of circulating hormones Osteoporosis causes an increased risk of fractures, or broken bones. Often referred to as a “silent disease”, osteoporosis often doesn’t produce any symptoms until a fracture occurs. Though most people think that osteoporosis is a natural outcome of aging, medical experts now believe that it can be prevented. Also, people with osteoporosis can take preventive steps to slow down the progress of the disease and reduce the risk of future fractures.

Contrary to the commonly held view, osteoporosis is no more perceived as a disease of old age.It is now known as a condition caused by slow bone growth during childhood and adolescence, and bone loss later in life7,8.